Technical Sessions

The IWC draws utility plant and power plant personnel, engineers, water chemists and biologists, business development managers, administrators, operation managers, and engineering managers from private, government and academic sectors both national and international. Conference attendees learn the latest about new applications available in the industrial water treatment industry, review current information, and learn about application issues that have been documented in industrial water treatment.



Spanning the Spectrum with Ion Exchange
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 8:00-11:00AM
Ion exchange resins (IXR's) are a versatile group of products with known performance characteristics in "thin waters". However, efficiency and performance changes when used in a high TDS environment. This session spans the spectrum where IXR's are used with one author revisiting continuous ion exchange (CIX) technology patented in the1950's including a novel approach to turn its waste stream into a revenue stream. Another author uses 21st century simulation technology to predict how resins will respond in a high TDS environment while the final paper uses empirical data to support conclusions on resin selection.

IWC 15-01: CSG Produced Water Purification via Ion Exchange with Brine Conversion to Regenerant Chemicals
Richard Dennis, Severn Trent Services, Inc., Tampa, FL

IWC 15-02: Softening Produced Water with NaCl Influents of Up to 15,000 ppm to Hardness Levels Below 0.1 ppm Using NaCl Regenerated Softeners.
Michael Gottlieb, ResinTech Inc., West Berlin, NJ

IWC 15-03: Chelating Resin Selectivity in High Solids Aqueous Media
Rudy Labban, Infilco Degremont, Ashland, VA

Recent Advancements in Mine Water Treatment Technologies
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 8:00-11:00AM
This session presents some groundbreaking technologies for the treatment of water outfall from mining facilities that present a myriad of challenges to meet environmental limits. The session opens with a presentation on an improved method for the real-time measurement of sulfate from mine water that is expected to greatly improve discharge and remediation process control monitoring. In another instance, a novel electrochemical oxidation process provides improved reliability and significant cost reductions in the removal of ammonia from mine water impacted by blasting residues. The morning session will conclude with a review of selenate removal using a novel iron based adsorption media. Together these technological advancements offer great potential value in future water treatment processes, and the session presentations and discussion provide an excellent opportunity for more detailed learning on these subjects.

IWC 15-04: Boron Doped Diamond Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Process, An Efficient Method for Removal of Ammonia From Landfill leachate
Hossein Zarrin, Element Six, Wilmington, MA

IWC 15-05: Selenate reduction from mine water by a physical/chemical process
Kashi Banerjee, Veolia Water Technologies, Moon Township, PA

IWC 15-06: Innovative Sulfate Measurement for Mine-Influence Waters
Nicholas Ergang, Nalco Company, Naperville, IL

Produced Water Handling for Re-Injection and Re-Use
Date: Monday November 16
Time: 8:00-11:00AM
Produced water is among the most challenging process waters to treat. High levels of precipitable salts, silica, and organic compounds are dissolved in petroleum bearing formations and flow to the surface along with the oil that is being produced. Technologies have been practiced successfully and many more are being studied and developed to meet this growing need for recycle, reuse and discharge of produced water. This session focuses on produced waters from the SAGD facilities of western Canada. The session will take you through technologies used to successfully treat steam EOR produced water, review the progress of a ZLD system, and explore new innovations to treat high TDS brines associated with produced water. If you want to truly learn about produced water treatment or have experience in the SAGD market, this is the session for you!

IWC 15-07: Corrosion Mitigation of Carbon Steel Pipeline in Oil Sand
Jasbir Gill, Nalco Champion an Ecolab Company, Naperville, IL

IWC 15-08: Optimizing Produced Water Treatment for Re-injection
Howard McCarthy, Tetra Tech, Denver, CO

IWC 15-09: Disposal in the unconventional oil and gas sector: challenges and solutions
Jon Fennell, Integrated Sustainability Consultants Ltd., Calgary, Alberta Canada

Steam Corrosion and Control
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 8:00-11:00AM
Steam corrodes the pipes and tubes that it passes through. At low corrosion rates this is actually a good thing as the corrosion creates and maintains a passive layer that lowers corrosion rates to almost zero. However, if corrosion rates are too high the passive layer is removed before it can form and the pipe can fail quickly. This session’s papers address some of the conditions that cause high corrosion rates in the steam system.
The first paper is a review of lessons learned in HRSG boiler tube failures. The second paper discusses the chemistry of passivation and film formation. The third paper discusses Flow Accelerated Corrosion – the causes and effects.

IWC 15-10: The Importance of Steam Generation Chemistry Control and Monitoring
Brad Buecker, Kiewit Engineering & Design Co, Lenexa, KS

IWC 15-11: The Chemistry of Passivation And It's Role In Total System Corrosion Control For Industrial Boiler Systems
Daryl Hartwick, Water Treatment R&D, West Chicago, IL

IWC 15-12: Flow Accelerated Corrosion in Steam Generation Power Plants: A Theoretical Approach to the Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Kenneth Chen, Fluor Enterprises, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA

KEYNOTE SESSION, Monday, November 16, 11:00 AM-Noon

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Membranes Tackle New Application Challenges
Date: Monday November 16
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
Membranes have been used for decades now, but have traditionally treated relatively “clean,” fresh water, make-up sources. As supplies of clean water dwindle and make-up quality declines, membranes are being tasked with treating more challenging sources of water. To tackle these challenges, advancements in membrane technology are being called upon to remove contaminants to a higher degree under highly fouling conditions. This session includes papers which discuss the treatment of make-up sources such as refinery wastewater and grey water, new membrane chemistries to improve rejection of contaminants, module design to minimize biofouling, and the improvement of membrane system efficiencies. This program will demonstrate how continued development in membrane technology will allow for membranes to meet the future challenges of declining water quality and availability.

IWC 15-13: Design and Piloting of an Integrated Membrane Facility for Treatment of Multiple Water Sources
Jacob (Jake) White, Burns & McDonnell, Kansas City, MO

IWC 15-14: New polyamide reaction chemistry for improved rejection of boron, nitrate, and silica in RO membrane process
Alan Sharpe, Lanxess Sybron Chemicals, Inc., Birmingham, NJ

IWC 15-15: Pressurized Ultrafiltration: Use of Reverse Osmosis Bride for UF Backwashes
David Arias, Dow Chemical Co.- Dow Water and Process Solutions, La Canonja (Tarragona), Catalonia Spain

IWC 15-16: Recent advances on novel Reverse Osmosis Membranes to mitigate Biological Fouling
Guillem Gilabert-Oriol, The Dow Chemical Company, Tarragona, Catalonia Spain

Trace Contaminants, a close look at how various regulations affect choices for Treatment Technologies
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
This Trace Contaminants Session mostly deals with the ways that regulations influence choices for treatment technologies used to remove trace contaminants from various waste streams. The first paper deals with a way in which site specific criteria can be used to influence where a specific discharge regulation might be set. The second paper deals with the ways that various technologies used to enhance compliance with air emissions standards can affect liquid wastes from FGD systems. The third paper also deals with FGD wastes but from the standpoint of the bigger picture of how changing regulations are dealt with by the Owners of Coal Fired Generating Stations. The final paper of the session covers an electro-adsorptive filter media used various trace contaminants from wastewater.

IWC 15-17: Selenium Management: Site-Specific Regulatory Options and Best Treatment Technologies
Ryan Kirkland, ENVIRON International Corporation, Brentwood, TN

IWC 15-18: Effects of MATS Compliance Technologies on FGD Wastewater
Gary Blythe, AECOM, Austin, TX

IWC 15-19: Solutions and Practices to Address NPDES Compliance at Coal-Fired Generation Stations in light of EPA Proposed Effluent Limit Guidelines
Michael Soller, Bowen Engineering Corporation, Indianapolis, IN

IWC 15-20: Electroadsorptive Filtration Media Effectively Removes Heavy Metals and Other Trace Contaminants from Water
Tara Cole, Ahlstrom Filtration LLC, Mt. Holly Springs, PA

Produced Water Treatment and Diposal
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
Produced water is among the most challenging process waters to treat. High levels of precipitable salts, silica, and organic compounds are dissolved in petroleum bearing formations and flow to the surface along with the oil that is being produced. Technologies have been practiced successfully and many more are being studied and developed to meet this growing need for recycle, reuse and discharge of produced water. This session focuses on produced waters from the SAGD facilities of western Canada. The session will take you through technologies used to successfully treat steam EOR produced water, review the progress of a ZLD system, and explore new innovations to treat high TDS brines associated with produced water. If you want to truly learn about produced water treatment or have experience in the SAGD market, this is the session for you!

IWC 15-21: SAGD and Industrial Wastewater Disposal Reduction
Lisa Lee-Johnson, Integrated Sustainability Consultants Ltd, Calgary, Alberta Canada

IWC 15-22: Advanced Treatment Technologies for Zero Liquid Discharge in SAGD Operations
John Richardson, Chemtreat, Ashland, VA

IWC 15-23: Innovative Brine Treatment: High Recovery Hybrid Membrane Process and Zero Liquid Discharge Low Temperature Crystallization
Ben Sparrow, Saltworks Technologies Inc., Vancouver, British Columbia Canada

IWC 15-24: The Use of Horizontal Tube Falling Film Evaporators to Treat Produced Water in Canadian Oil Sands
Charlotte Bessiere, Veolia Water Technologies, Plainfield, IL

Chemistry Considerations for Industrial and Power Steam Turbines
Date: Monday, November 16
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
The steam chemistry going to the turbine directly impacts its reliability, longevity, and efficiency. These four papers discuss how various impurities in the steam affect the turbine, critical instrumentation for monitoring steam purity, and the critical commissioning period for steam turbines.

IWC 15-25: Chemical Processes in Steam Turbines
James Bellows, James Bellows and Associates, Maitland, FL

IWC 15-26: Practical Issues in Steam Turbine Commissioning
Colleen Layman, HDR, Harpers Ferry, WV

IWC 15-27: Sulfite and Sulfate in the Steam Cycle
Andrew Howell, Xcel Energy, Henderson, CO

IWC 15-28: Monitoring Steam Purity-Critical Parameters
Vickie Olson, Honeywell Process Solutions, Sandy Springs, GA

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Challenges in Recycling and Reuse
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
This session will look at the challenges of reclaiming four very different and very challenging waste streams using a variety of technologies. This session will feature recovery of wastewaters as diverse as produced water, refinery wastewater, ash sluice water and municipal wastewater. We will look at technologies ranging from electrocoagulation and ultrafiltration to denitrification, and reuse potential from crop irrigation to boiler feed. Our papers include three pilot tests and an update and forecast on the challenges of denitrification, a concern for both the reuse of municipal grey water and the discharge of FGD wastewater under the proposed ELGs.

IWC 15-29: Produced Water Treatment for Reuse in Cyclic Steam Boilers and Crop Irrigation
Lyndsey Wiles, TriSep Corporation, Goleta, CA

IWC 15-30: Successful Pilot Trials of Reject Recovery Reverse Osmosis on A Refinery Effluent
Arun Mittal, Aquatech International Corporation, Canonsburg, PA

IWC 15-31: Design and Operation of a Pilot System for a Wet Bottom Ash Dewatering and Process Water Treatment Alternative
Brianna Wallace, Geosyntec, Greenville, SC

IWC 15-32: Denitrification of Municipal Effluent for Power Plants and Industrial Facilities
Michael Rosen, Sargent & Lundy, Chicago, IL

Evolution in the Treatment of Industrial Wastewaters
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
As regulations evolve, so must treatment technologies to comply with stricter effluent limits and to provide affordable solutions. This session includes treatment technologies from different industries, each faced with unique challenges and restrictions that require innovative thinking to develop solutions and keep the industry moving forward. This session includes two papers that discuss upgrades to existing facilities to achieve compliance with regulatory drivers associated with organic and nutrient parameters. Another paper discusses the continuing evolution of traditional treatment technologies as it addresses recent improvements in flotation technologies to remove emulsions from wastewater streams. The fourth paper in this session walks through lessons learned from the startup of equipment where zero liquid discharge is achieved at a combined cycle power generation facility.

IWC 15-33: Food Processing Facility Saves Millions with New Pretreatment, Utilizing Innovative Aeration Technology to Convert a Facultative Lagoon to an Aerobic Process
Christopher Milligan, BlueInGreen, Fayetteville, AK

IWC 15-34: Advanced Biological Wastewater Treatment for Specialty Chemicals Manufacturing
Abigail Antolovich, UOP - A Honeywell Company, Lakewood, CO

IWC 15-35: Lessons Learned performing Zero Liquid Discharge by HERO and Evaporation Ponds
Brian Clarke, Kiewit, Lenexa, KS

IWC 15-36: Removal of Emulsified O&G and TSS From Wastewater
Mike Bradford, Jacobs Engineering, Houston, TX

Success in the Treatment, Reuse & Disposal of Frac Water while managing Risks
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
There are currently several accepted alternatives for handling hydraulic fracturing flowback and produced water (aka brine). This session will discuss and explore some of these including evaporation and reuse. Results from a brine treatment facility that uses a thermal evaporator to produce safe, clean distilled water and a concentrated salt byproduct will be presented. The difficulties of handling produced water with radioactive material (known as NORM) and options for reuse and disposal will be discussed. A case study from a recent collaboration between three oil and gas service providers and a large producer in the Delaware Basin (New Mexico) for environmentally responsible, economically advantageous reuse of produced water for hydraulic fracturing will be presented. Another case study will present the concerted effort to maximize the degree of reuse of produced water, reviewing the water and performance tests results. The flowback water was collected, treated, stored, prevented biogrowth and was 100% reused as hydraulic fracturing make up water. The evaluation of economics for this zero discharge recycling system shows operational cost savings based on the deferred cost of water acquisition and disposal. Industry experts conclude that such an optimized approach could lead to improved well completions and wells that are more productive.

IWC 15-37: Startup and Operating Experience at a Frac Water Crystallization Plant
Donald Olmstead, Venture Engineering & Construction, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA

IWC 15-38: Zero Water Discharge Water Management For Hydrofracturing Activities
Jeffrey Kissell, ENVIRON International Corporation, Brentwood, TN

IWC 15-39: NORM Management of Marcellus Shale Water
John Van Gehuchten, HDR Engineering Inc., Pittsburgh, PA

IWC 15-40: Enabling Produced Water Reuse for Hydraulic Fracturing: Case Study from the Delaware Basin
Lance Rodeman, MYCELX Technologies, Houston, TX

FGD Wastewater Treatment
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
FGD wastewater is a varied and complex stream that requires innovative treatment. Operational variability and inconsistent constituent loadings add to the challenges requiring flexible yet robust treatment processes to continuously meet extremely stringent and evolving water quality technology based limits. The promulgation of the Steam Electric Power Generating Effluent Guidelines by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is driving attention to the research, design and operation of these treatment systems. This session is intended to provide Utilities and providers to the Utility industry information to treat this challenging stream.

IWC 15-41: Sources of Variability in Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewaters
William Kennedy, Duke Energy, Charlotte, NC

IWC 15-42: Encapsulation of FGD Wastewater using CCBS to Achieve ZLD: Opportunities, Challenges and Technology Readiness.
Kirk Ellison, Southern Company Services, BIRMINGHAM, AL

IWC 15-43: Forward Osmosis based Membrane Brine Concentration of Wastewater Streams in Coal-fired Power Generation
John Tracy, Oasys Water, Boston, MA

IWC 15-44: Understanding the Influence of pH on Boron Precipitation and Scaling Kinetics in Flue-gas Desulfurization Wastewater
John Williamson, Infilco Degremont, Inc., Ashland, VA

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Zero Liquid Discharge: Design, Technologies and…Bubbles
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
Zero liquid discharge (ZLD) is a reality for a few, a goal for many, and a design imperative for the future. In this session hear ZLD practitioners discuss design concepts for ZLD systems as well as the successful application of ZLD technologies in both the municipal water and power industries. Lastly hear how one practitioner dealt with the serious problem of foam formation in a Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) scrubber.

IWC 15-45: Technology Evaluation for Zero Liquid Discharge at a Combined Cycle Power Plant with an Air Cooled Condenser
Michele Funk, Bechtel Infrastructure and Power, Frederick, MD

IWC 15-46: Feasibility of an Adiabatic Evaporator for FGD Wastewater ZLD Treatment Using Flue Gas Heat
Tyler Cromey, Southern Company, Cartersville, GA

IWC 15-47: Applying Foam Control Processes Associated with Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization Scrubbers to Thermal Evaporation Systems
Paul Brandt, Burns & McDonnell, Kansas City, MO

IWC 15-48: Applying Industrial ZLD Technologies to a Municipal RO Drinking Water Facility
Phillip Locke, McKim & Creed, Inc., Clearwater, FL

History Key to Today's Successful Applications
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
Understanding the History of fundamental water treatment technologies and applications provides a foundation for developing successful water treatment strategies today. This session is presented by Industry Leaders revealing the History of fundamental water treatment technologies including spiral wound membranes, treatment chemistries, and condensate polishers systems. Come and learn about the challenges met by these technologies in the past that have provided advancements and alternatives available to meet today's challenging water treatment needs.

IWC 15-49: Membrane Product Evolution and Future Trends
Clifford Gilbert, The Dow Chemical Company, Westborough, MA

IWC 15-50: Role of Polymers in Water Treatment
Jasbir Gill, Nalco an Ecolab company, Naperville, IL

IWC 15-51: Cooling Tower Water Treatment Programs-A Brief History of Past to Current Practices and Trends,- The Why, When and How they Changed and the Impact that Occurred
Paul Puckorius, Puckorius & Associates, Inc. Water & Wastewater Consultants, Westminster, CO

IWC 15-52: Condensate Polishing Technology - Yesterday & Today
John Yen, Graver Water Systems, LLC, New Providence, NJ

Improving Boilers Reliability in Thermal Enhanced Oil Recovery Systems, an ASME Sponsored Panel Session
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
This ASME sponsored session will consist of 4 papers followed by an open floor discussion. Papers being presented will relay applicable knowledge for monitoring Oil in Water, Iron, Alkalinity, and Silica. Field experience on silica deposition in Once Through and Heat Recovery Steam Generators and Evaporators will also be presented.

IWC 15-53: Improving Produced And Boiler Feed Water Testing For Alkalinity and Silica
Steve Portelance, WorleyParsons Canada, Calgary, AB, Canada

IWC 15-54: Corrosion Monitoring in OTSGs using Ferrous Iron Testing
Logan LaRocque, Nalco Champion, An Ecolab Company, Fort McMurray, Alberta Canada

IWC 15-55: Free Oil Measurement in SAGD Steam Generation
Christopher Westaby, Turner Designs Hydrocarbon Instruments, Fresno, CA

IWC 15-56: Silicate Deposit Control in Thermal Recovery Units
John Hoots, Nalco Champion, Naperville, IL

Characterization and Treatment of FGD Blowdown Water
Date: Tuesday, November 17
Time: 1:00-5:00PM
FGD wastewater treatment offers a variety of challenges from accurately characterizing the quality of the wastewater to treatment to achieve very aggressive regulatory requirements. Our Session will discuss a range of topics including work being done to better understand the nature of the contaminants in FGD wastewater, the sensitivity of wastewater quality to varying operating parameters, and innovative treatment approaches being developed. You will have an opportunity to learn about on going work in this field directly from those involved in the execution and research.

IWC 15-57: Quantification of Colloidal Phase Metals of Concern in Limestone Forced Oxidized Wet FGD Effluent
Shannon Brown, Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., Barberton, OH

IWC 15-58: Flue Gas Desulfurization Physical/Chemical Wastewater Treatment for Compliance
Kristen Jenkins, CH2M HILL, Atlanta, GA

IWC 15-59: Treatment of FGD Wastewater in a Pilot Advanced Reactive Iron Media Wastewater Treatment System
Frank Sassaman, Evoqua Water Technologies LLC, Warrendale, PA

IWC 15-60: Material Balance for Merrimack Station SEC
Richard Roy, Public Service of New Hampshire dba Eversource Energy, Bow, NH

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Power Wastewater Challenges and Solutions
Date: Wednesday, November 18
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
There are many challenges facing the power industry, requiring a holistic review of the operation of the plant and its affect upon wastewater generation and treatment. If you don't have a complete plan in place, you will need one. If you have a plan, come share it. Actual case studies on work or studies performed for coal fired facilities will be presented. While the focus is on USEPA regulations recently passed, the issues of wastewater treatment and its potential reuse is global.
Both the CCR Rule and the Steam Electric Effluent Limitation Guidelines (ELG's) will change the way coal fired stations operate. Certain states and organizations have passed even tighter regulations based upon locations near environmentally sensitive areas. We are sure you will learn information you can bring back to your organization to assist them in finding solutions!

IWC 15-61: EPA ELG Compliance - Assessment and Mitigation Strategies
Daniel Sampson, WorleyParsons, Vallejo, CA

IWC 15-62: Water Balance Modeling for Coal-Fired Generation Facilities
Jacob Sauer, Golder Associates Inc., Lakewood, CO

IWC 15-63: Approaching the CCR Rule from a Water Balance Perspective
Michael Roush, Burns & McDonnell, Kansas City, MO

IWC 15-64: Limiting Metal Discharge from Ash Storage Ponds: A Compliance Case Study
Chloe Grabowski, HDR, Ann Arbor, MN

Wastewater Treatment and Management Strategies
Date: Wednesday November 18
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
A vast array of technical approaches have been developed to manage municipal and industrial wastewater due to differences in influent composition, effluent discharge requirements and operational constraints. These limitations and challenges have often resulted in innovative, cost-effective treatment strategies, which are critical to the operation of a well-run plant or facility. This session will include actual data collected from lab-scale through full-scale testing, water balance modeling and operational management experiences. These papers will demonstrate the importance of flocculant mixing for sludge dewatering, review the design and construction of a wastewater treatment plant to handle landfill leachate, update us on the installation and operation of an underground injection well at a zero liquid discharge coal-fired plant, and, lastly, review case studies related to the design and operation of wastewater facilities governed by the pending EPA Effluent Limitation Guidelines.

IWC 15-65: How to Maximize the Value of Polymers for Improved Sludge Treatment
Yong Kim, UGSI Chemical Feed, Inc., Vineland, NJ

IWC 15-66 Design/Construct in an Accelerated Environment
Ivan Cooper, Civil & Environmental Cnsultants, Inc, Charlotte, NC

IWC 15-67 Underground Injection Well Installation and Operation at Great River Energy's Coal Creek Station
Judy Kuepfer, Golder Associates Inc., Lakewood, CO

IWC 15-68 Examining Design Challenges and Opportunities to Comply with Anti-Circumvention Provisions As Proposed in the ELG's
Kristin Glikbarg, Burns & McDonnell, Kansas City, MO

Produced Water - Make Up and Feedwater
Date: Wednesday, November 18
Time: 8::0AM-Noon
Produced water (PW) end users, especially in steam generation like in SAGD operations, face many capital & technical intensive challenges to maintain their systems. This session presents methods to improve and enhance efficient PW design and operation. Authors will describe chemical modeling to predict reactions and prevent scale and corrosion problems, experience using mechanical vapor compression horizontal falling film evaporators, SAC ion exchange effects of regenerant salt purity, and advances in chemical free cleaning techniques.

IWC 15-69: Chemical Modeling for SAGD and Industrial Water Applications
Emily Zevenhuizen, Integrated Sustainability Consultants Ltd., Calgary, Alberta CANADA

IWC 15-70: Case Study: Horizontal Falling Film Evaporator for Produced Water in Canada
Yaniv Schmidt, IDE Technologies, Kadima, Israel

IWC 15-71: Influence of quality of salt used for Regeneration of SAC resin
Guy Mommaerts, Ion Exchange Services (Canada) Inc., Elmira, Ontario Canada

IWC 15-72: Chemical-Free Cleaning Solution for SAGD/CSS Filtration and Ion Exchange Equipment
Rene Belanger, Baker Hughes, Calgary, AB Canada

Plant Cooling Tower Makeu Alternatives and Cooling Water Treatment Options
Date: Wednesday, November 18
Time: 8:00AM-Noon
Due to the ever increasing scarcity of water, power plant developers are turning to alternate sources of makeup for cooling towers. These alternative makeup water sources are typically wastewaters in lieu of freshwater. Use of wastewater comes with chemistry challenges in order to prevent biological growth, corrosion and scale in the cooling tower. The papers in this session will include comparisons of alternate sources of cooling tower makeup at power facilities, in addition to cooling water chemical treatment options to meet discharge limitations and minimize chemical handling.

IWC 15-73: Use of Secondary Treated Municipal Waste Water for Cooling in Power Plants
Caroline Sui, GE Water & Process Technologies, Trevose, PA

IWC 15-74: Cooling Tower Water Management Strategy for Large Combined Cycle Power Plant
Jared Troyer, Duke Energy, Charlotte, NC

IWC 15-75: Advances In Pretreatment, Passivation, and Layup of Cooling Systems
Raymond Post, ChemTreat, Langhorne, PA

IWC 15-76: Purate TM: An Alternative Oxidant Technology for Water Pretreatment, Cooling Water Biocontrol, and Discharge Management
Kun Xiong, Nalco - An Ecolab Company, Naperville, IL

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For questions about the technical program, please give us a call at 412-261-0710, ext. 10