International Water Conference

Workshops

IWC Workshops are intensive 4-hour courses that require a separate registration. Workshops are based on minimum reservations. Each 4-hour workshop is $250 each for registered conference attendees. If you register for 2 workshops, you will receive a $100 Discount. A Water Treatment Basic Training Package* is available; W2, W11 and W15 for a discounted price of $550.

Wednesday, November 19, 2014 - 1PM-5PM

W1: Industrial Boiler Water (up to 1800 PSIG/ 120 Bar)

The course is intended for those interested in industrial steam systems operating at pressures up to 1800 psig. While some basic theory is covered, the main focus ofthe course is to provide practical information that can be used to avoid common system problems. The course covers deaerators, boilers, steam turbines andcondensate systems from both mechanical operation and chemical treatment aspects. The causes of deposition and corrosion as well as water quality andmonitoring guidelines and chemical treatment options are discussed in an informal atmosphere.
Instructor: James Robinson, GE Betz, Trevose, PA

W2: Water Treatment 101

This workshop is a great introductory course covering the basic concepts of water treatment for industry. It will address unit operations (clarification, filtration,lime/soda ash softening, iron and manganese removal, membrane filters, and roughing demineralizers) used in water preparation for industry with emphasis onpower, chemical industry, and refineries. It was include treatment of makeup water for cooling water systems as well as boiler water makeup. Wastewatergenerated by these unit operations and their treatment and disposal will be discussed. Basic water chemistry requirements for low, medium, and high pressureboilers will be considered with chemical conditioning as required.
Instructor: Dennis McBride, Fluor Enterprises, Greenville, SC

W3: Introduction to Cooling Tower Water Systems and How to Develop a Cooling Tower Water Treatment Program 101

This work shop discusses the problems commonly found in Cooling Tower Water systems and the various water treatments that can be used to control or preventthose problems. Specific water treatment chemicals are discussed and their advantages and disadvantages are presented. These specific chemicals are for corrosion,scale, fouling, and microbiological control. They are identified generically and include the most recent developments. The preparation of the complete watertreatment program is provided in easy to apply steps. This workshop is excellent for operators, utility mangers, and water treatment suppliers both new on the joband great as a refresher for others.
Instructor: Paul Puckorius, Puckorius & Associates, Inc., Arvada, CO

W4: Treatment of Water for Steam Generation in SAGD Enhanced Oil Recovery Plants
“Once you know the fundamentals, acquiring experience is just a matter of time.” This course explores the theories and fundamental practices for treating de-oiled produced and brackish waters to generate high pressure steam for use in SAGD enhanced oil recovery operations. We will explore hot and warm lime softening,filtration and ion exchange options such as strong acid versus weak acid cation softening including in-situ versus external regeneration.
Instructor: Robert Holloway, Holloway Associates, Etobicoke, ON, Canada

W5: Thermal Zero Liquid Discharge Processes

This course is designed to give a basic understanding of the information required for the selection and design of an evaporation system in a wastewater application. It will include the impacts of chemistry, equipment selection and energy source selection as well as provide case studies based on real world applications in a variety of industries.
Instructor: J. Michael Marlett, P.E., P.Eng., Aquatech International Corp., Hartland, WI

W6: Treating Produced Water with Ion Exchange Technologies

General introduction on Softening with Ion Exchange. Description of the nature of SAC resin and of WAC resin. Influence of TDS on selection of which resin to select. Advantages to consider SAC-SAC systems. Why single WAC are able to produce soft water (<0.1ppm) on water with up to 25000ppm TDS. Why WAC Primaryfollowed by WAC Polisher should be considered. Potential foulants of ion exchange resins in the process of softening Produced Water, and how to deal with them. All data presented is based on actual plant experience!
Instructor: Guy Mommaerts, Ion Exchange Services (Canada) Inc., Elimira, ON, Canada

W7: Arsenic and Selenium in Wastewater Treatment

Changes in regulations in the coal-fired power industry and existing standards in the mining industry are but two examples of increased regulatory focus on arsenic and selenium. These ions have not been the focus of emphasis for widespread industrial treatment in the past. Numerous new technologies have been promoted for use in the treatment of arsenic and selenium. However, it is difficult for the environmental personnel responsible for making intelligent decisions in this area to assess the real potential of treatment technologies to cost-effectively achieve the desired goals. This course will provide the background necessary for those concerned with arsenic, selenium or both to make sound decisions about the technical direction of treatment options.
Instructor: John Schubert, P.E., HDR Inc., Sarasota, FL

Thursday November 20, 2014 - 8 AM-Noon

W8: HRSG and High Pressure (>900 PSIG/60 BAR) Boiler Water Treatment and Operation

This workshop will cover the water quality required for high pressure (>900 psig/60 bar) steam boilers including the various treatments being used and newdevelopments relative to protection from scale and corrosion. The course will also cover treatment issues related to pre-boiler systems and the condensate systems and a discussion of controls and troubleshooting techniques. Operators, utility plant supervisors, managers, and engineers can all benefit greatly from the practicalinformation provided in this course.
Instructor: David Daniels, Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Austin, TX

W9: Water Treatment 201

This course reviews the topics covered in Water Treatment 101 and builds on those to provide design and technical details on designing water treatment systems using supplier’s equipment information. Unit processes covered in this course are pretreatment softening using lime and soda ash, sodium cycle ion-exchange for softening, demineralization of pretreated raw water using cation/ anion/ mixed-bed ion-exchange systems, reverse osmosis, and EDI. Boiler water chemistry guidelines and chemicals feeds for boiler chemistry control for high pressure power plant boilers, combined cycle plants, and industrial boilers (up to 1500 psi) will be discussed. Advanced wastewater treatment concepts for power plants, industrial plants, and refineries will be included with recycle and reuse when feasible.
Instructor: Kumar Sinha, Frederick, MD

W10: Advanced Ion Exchange

This workshop is designed to build on basic ion exchange principals and will provide the opportunity to acquire an in depth knowledge of how ion exchange resins can be used in applications other than traditional softening and deionizing applications. The workshop is divided into four sections:

1. Ion exchange fundamental theories and a review of the four basic types of ion exchangers, how their properties differ, and how they are used.

2. Capacity calculations for any virtually any ion and solution and how to make preliminary calculations to determine if ion exchange is feasible and/or practical.

3. Trace ion removal, principal of concentration difference, an over view of selective resins, and brief discussion of how some of the more common trace contaminants can be treated.

4. Identification of problems causes, troubleshooting approaches, cleaning strategies, and how to set up spreadsheet models of operating ion exchange systems that normalize operating data.

In order to get the most out of this workshop, students will need to bring laptops that have MS Office software including Excel.
Instructor: Peter Meyers, ResinTech, Inc., West Berlin, NJ

W11: Reverse Osmosis - Back to the Basics, Design and Operation

The application of reverse osmosis (RO) has grown rapidly over the last 15 years. However, some of the basics have been lost in shuffle. Furthermore, many times professionals and operators familiar with ion exchange are now faced with operating RO systems with little or no training. This Workshop covers the basics of RO, from sound design to proper operating techniques. Fouling and concentration polarization, data collection and normalization, cleaning and storage are just some of the topics included in this Workshop. This Workshop is intended for all who need to understand the basics of RO.
Instructor: Jane Kucera, Nalco Company, an Ecolab Company, Naperville, IL

W12: Cooling Water Treatment Programs and Guidelines when switching from Fresh to Reuse Water Makeup 201

This workshop will cover guidelines to be used in developing a cooling water treatment technology going from fresh to recycle waters as makeup. These guidelines will identify possible concerns and potential benefits with recycle water. A step by step approach is provided not only for existing cooling tower water systems but also new systems that can handle almost any recycled waters. A number of case histories are provided. Attendees are encouraged to bring not only any questions but also details on their cooling tower water systems and the recycle water quality being considered. A must workshop for operators, utility managers, and for water treatment suppliers.
Instructor: Paul Puckorius, Puckorious & Associates, LLC Arvada, CO

W13: Wastewater Treatment for Energy and Chemicals

List of subjects to be covered:
1. Identification of wastewater streams
2. Selective segregation of wastewater streams
3. Pretreatment of segregated streams
4. Terminology & Microbiology of wastewater treatment
5. Primary wastewater treatment unit operations
6. Secondary wastewater treatment unit operations
7. Solids production, its treatment and disposal management
Instructor: Rafique Janjua, Fluor Enterprises, Sugarland, TX

W14: Fundamentals of Evaporative Water Treatment for Steam Generating EOR Processes

Evaporative water treatment may seem complex at surface‐level, but once the underlying principles are understood, evaporation system design and operation become very straightforward. This course is designed to explore everything from the fundamentals of evaporator technology to its integration into various EOR processes: steam injection processes such as SAGD and CSS. Course matter will cover the basics of producing water suitable for steam generation (either drum boilers or OTSG’s) and maximizing water recycle by employing concentration and crystallization systems. A particular emphasis will be placed on water chemistry design implications and unit operations such as falling film evaporation and crystallization will be covered in-depth. Several real-world case studies will be examined to reinforce theoretical principles.
Instructor: Greg Mandigo, Aquatech International Corp., Hartland, WI

Thursday, November 20, 2014 - 1 PM-5 PM

W15: Ion Exchange Technology and Practical Operating Practices

This workshop provides a detailed review of the various ion exchange processes for softening and demineralizing water as well as preparation for boilers, cooling, and process applications. A section on how to evaluate systems, their resin, operation, and water quality of ion exchange units is an excellent troubleshooting and informative portion of this workshop. A review of the different ion exchange resins available along with the newest developments and how those can be applied to provide specific water quality is a must for water treatment system operations. This is a great opportunity to ask questions and solve problems.
Instructor: Wayne Bernhal, W. Bernahl Enterprises, Ltd., Elmhurst, IL

W16: Electrodeionization (EDI) Presents

Electro-deionization (EDI) is a time proven process which combines semi-permeable membrane technology with ion‐exchange media to provide a highly efficient Self-regenerated unit that provides demineralized water without chemicals. This workshop will be broken down into two (2) session. The 1st session will explore the design and operation of EDI modules from different manufacturers of EDI membranes. A typical feed water source shall be reviewed and EDI projections will be presented from different EDI membranes manufacturer(s). The 2nd session will cover their system design approaches and effluent water quality; provide a simplified EDI - P&ID print of the system designed, present recommended membrane data collection parameters, cleaning protocol, review a typical autopsy report and the system operating cost. This workshop provides one stop shopping for all your EDI needs.
Instructor: Greg Osen, AVANTech, Inc., Columbia, SC

W17: Proper Design for Ion Exchange Softeners in SAGD or Cyclic Steam Operations

Ion exchange in SAGD waters, both brackish and produced, is usually limited to softening for OTSG make-up. Both are usually lime softened, and often contain high TDS levels, low hardness to TDS ratios and foulants such as oil. This course will explain the two different processes, WAC or SAC ion exchange, reasons for picking one.
Instructor: Don Downey, The Purolite Company, Paris, ON Canada

W18 Design and Operations of Deep Bed Condensate Polishers

W19: De-oiling Produced Water for Insitu Oilsands

Upstream of “Produced Water Treatment” in SAGD or CSS, water that has been separated from the bulk bitumen/dilbit phase, contains varying amounts of hydrocarbon. If not removed from the system this hydrocarbon will negatively impact the performance of Boiler Feed Water pre-treatment equipment such as Lime Softening, Ion Exchange and Evaporators. This introductory course looks at the fundamentals of the De-oiling system. We will explore the purpose and system design, of specific equipment such as Skim Tanks, Induced floatation (ISF and IGF), as well as Oil Removal Filters (ORF’s). We will also discuss industry standards, chemistry, and lessons learned.
Instructor: Chris Graham, C.G. Consulting Inc., Calgary, AB, Canada

W20: Water and Wastewater Treatment for Natural Gas Development

The ongoing development of the unconventional natural gas market was made possible by developments in the fields of directional drilling and hydrofracturing.

Hydrofracturing requires large volumes of water, processing of that water to use in hydrofracturing, and handling of the return water from the well after completion of hydrofracturing. As hydrofracturing water comes in contact with shale, some of the soluble shale constituents dissolve into the hydrofracturing water. Current options for handling of hydrofracturing water include treatment for reuse, treatment for discharge, and deep well disposal. The focus of this course is to provide a foundational understanding of the use of water in hydrofracturing, and the disposition of return water (flowback and produced water) from hydrofractured wells.

Areas of emphasis include hydrofracturing water preparation, treatment of flowback water for reuse, evaporation‐crystallization of hydrofracturing water, andoverall economics of water management. The course serves as a sound introduction to the area for those wishing to learn about shale gas development, and provides detailed information for professionals who may be working with shale gas water.
Instructor: John Schubert, P.E., HDR Inc., Sarasota, FL

W21: UF, RO and EDI Maintenance and Cleaning

Presentation of common practices in the maintenance of ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis and deionization systems, including best practices for off line clean in place process as well as on site membrane cleaning practices membrane and system life and minimizing operations cost.

For ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis the training review will cover preventive maintenance practices, spares replacement frequencies, and non-scheduled maintenance repairs. There will be a detailed discussion of membrane maintenance practices, including why cleaning is important, when CIP or onsite site cleaning should be triggered, the common foulants, preparation of cleaning solutions, standard cleaning procedures, tips and shortcuts, and when offsite membrane cleaning should be considered.

Attention will be focused on the key performance indicators for RO/NF membranes and hollow fiber ultrafiltration membranes that should trigger a membrane cleaning process and the variation in procedures and solutions for onsite cleaning for RO/NF membranes for removal of silt, biological materials, naturally occurring organics, calcium carbonate, iron and silica as well as UF membranes for removal of biological materials, silt, naturally occurring organics, and iron.

There will also be discussion of membrane autopsies, when they are needed and how to interpret the results.

With the increasing use of electrodeionization technology such as continuous deionization the instructor will also touch on best practices in determination when unit cleaning is required as well as proper chemical cleaning and off site cleaning practices.
Instructor: Robert Cohen, Evoqua Water Technologies, LLC, Colorado Springs, CO